Bretschneider Online Periodici
Rivista di Archeologia - Bretschneider Periodici Online
ISSN 0392-0895


2006 - Vol. XXX

- 214 pagine di testo
- L tavole con 65 illustrazioni nel testo



Blank selection strategies in the Mesolithic of southwestern Ukraine
[pagg. 5-13]
The Author presents a new variety oj blank selection analysis based on the function of the flint implements according to the results obtained from the traceological analysis. The study of the assemblages from two Mesolithic sites of Southern Bessarabia, Myrne and Bilolisja, allows to hypothesize a shift in the model of knapping organisation. The explanation of this change is to be searched in the mobile economy cf the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers.


The Quarter to the West Court at Phaistos: a Revision of Levi's excavations
[pagg. 15-25]
The focus of D. Levi's excavations at Phaistos was the Palace and its structures. The town and its extension and disiribution around the palatial core was neglected. In 1994 a new programme of excavations was begun, at the same time as a revision of the ceramic material from the Levi excavations, with the aim of understanding the extension and features of the Phaistos town. Particular attention has been paid to the habitation quarters to the West and South of the West Court (Piazzale I) of the Phaistos Palace and to the road network from and towards the palatial centre. My work within these projects has focused on an analysis of the ceramic material that has been retrieved from rooms situated on the middle and upper terraces of the hillside to the West of the West Court (Piazzale I). This paper will present a brief account of my ongoing project, and will provide new data about the chronology and the function of these structures.


La collezione egizia del museo provinciale di Torcello
[pagg. 27-35]
Since 1887, the Province of Venice has included within its museal patrimony the collections kept in the Torcello Museum. New artefacts have been added to the original inventory during decades. Among these, a good amount of objects clearly inspired to the Egyptian period. The article proposes a stylistic analysis, as well as an authenticity one, of the 41 items constituting the museum's Egyptian collection. These items result being catalogued, but not studied yet and for those items allowing it, a dating time and a geographical origin is being proposed. The above cited artefacts are divided into two classes: bronze and ceramic objects. Among the bronze items we can find solely goddesses including 6 Osiris, 1 Amen, 1 Bastet, 1 Harpocrates, 1 Isis, In addition, we can find an offering character and fragment of Sistrum. The ceramics are exclusively of ushabti origin with the exception of a stamped terracotta head probably depicting Isis- Aphrodite. We also tried to detect the objects which were clearly false, or which could have resulted being so.


Fibule antiche dalla Cilicia costiera
[pagg. 37-46]
The paper presents 19 pre-Roman and 9 Roman fibulae from the region of Cilicia, currently in the collections of the museums of Mersin, Silifke, Alanya and Tarsus. Half these fibulae dates to the Iron age, from the middle/end of the 8th cent. to the middle/end of 7th cent. B.C. They are evidence for links between Cilicia and its hinterland (Gordion in particular), and also with Cyprus. For the Roman period, the situation already apparent at Gaziantep is confirmed. The earliest Roman fibulae are of the Alesia and Aucissa types and the latest (5 examples) come from a period running from the Tetrarchy to the early 5th cent. A.D. It is possible that their presence reflects the movements of the Roman Army. A brooch of Keller Type 6 seems to be a parallel for a gold fibula kept in Split Museum.


Vita effimera di un mostro etrusco
[pagg. 47-56]
The ivory tablets complex from Comeana (Florence) is an extraordinary treasure of Etruscan "orientalizing" images, whose models are partly to be searched for in the Near East. The present study tries to point out these possible Oriental models and the transmitting vectors. Two of the fantastic creatures carved in the ivory plaques, an extravagant image of Geryon and a lion headed demon, seem to have their prototypes in Neo-Hittite or Assyrian hybrides. One of them, thanks to the diffusion of the related greek story, is substituted very early in the archaic age by the purely Greek iconography of an armed Geryon; the other, for which a consolidated tradition of legend was lacking, underwent to some formal variations and finally disappeared.


Eracle in absentia. Una kylix attica con il ratto di Deianira dal Foro di Pompei
[pagg. 57-61]
This article examines an unpublished fragment of an attic black-figure kylix found in Pompei. On this vase there is a rare example of an interesting mythological scene: the rapt of Deianira, Herakle's wife, by the Centaur Nessos. The 'absentia'i> of Herakles and the attitude of the figures confer an erotic tone to the episode, already in prominence in the ancient sources, and makes it suitable to tickle the sensual character of the symposium.


Observations about a New Book on Praxiteles
[pagg. 63-75]
The aim of this article is to give a detailed survey of the catalogue of the exhibition on Praxiteles which has been held in the Louvre. The suggestions of the authors of the catalogue concerning the life and works of the late-classical, Athenian sculptor are analyzed. The articles of the catalogue concerning the Cnidian Aphrodite, the Praxitelean Satyrs, the Apollo Sauroctonus and the fortune of the master in later periods are the focus of a lengthy consideration. The conclusion of this article is that the two editors of the volume go too far in their thought that most of the creations until now attributed to Praxiteles are in fact Roman, classicistic works. On the contrary, there is evidence which favours the consideration of several of these sculptural types as derived from works of the great master.


Una testimonianza del culto mitriaco a Colle Arsiccio di Magione (PG)
[pagg. 77-91]
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In 1934, at Colle Arsiccio (Magione), near lake Trasimeno, a votive deposit was found. It is made up of bronzes and terracottas, dating from the VI century b.C. to the Constantinian age. The terracottas can be divided into two groups: the "naked" ones, that represent typologies of the Hellenistic age (swaddling babies, crouching children, kourotrophoi) and the glazed ones. The latter are products of the Imperial age, connected with a Mithraic worship (pinax with scene of tauroctony, "foculi", glassware with snakes, votive statues), which incorporates the Hellenistic cult, devoted to Artumes. The Mithraeum of Colle Arsiccio settles in a thick system of Mithraic places, appeared during Roman age, in the hearth of central Italy.


Riflessi di romanità in Grecia: le abitazioni e l’arte del giardino
[pagg. 93-110]
While the Greek house in Classical and Hellenistic times refuses the garden as central element and arranges the domestic space round a paved court, the Roman house shows from its origin a special link with the green. This different attitude goes on for centuries, because the richest residences in the western empire often plant luxuriant gardens which, on the contrary, are very uncommon in the hellenized provinces. This work purposes to point out the 18 private gardens discovered in Roman Greece (especially at Patras): they express a Roman taste, probably introduced by the colonists, as comparisons in Italy, Gaul and Hispania prove. The examples discussed represent a prominent exception in the Greek context, where the garden is a fleeting reflection of Rome which can't take root.


Plant Remains from the Excavation at the Late Roman villae rusticae of Burgweinting, Bavaria, Germany
[pagg. 111-126]
The author presents the preliminary analysis on plant remains (charred plant remains and pollen analysis) collected from two Late Roman wells found at the excavation of Burgweinting, Bavaria (Germany). The study was carried out in order to reconstruct vegetational cover and agricultural activities at the site. According to the charred remains, the plant cover surrounding the Roman settlement was characterised by a typical deciduous oak forest, mixed with Pinus sylvestris/montana. Carpological analysis provides evidence of cultivation of Triticum monococcum and Triticum dicoccum.


Del “prezioso vetro” raffigurante Daniel de lacu leonum: considerazioni sulla coppa vitrea del Museo Nazionale Concordiese di Portogruaro
[pagg. 127-139]
The restoration of the vitreous cup with Daniel and the lions, today at the Museo Nazionale Concordiese of Portogruaro, gave the opportunity to reread its iconography and to consider whether it is possible to point out any reuse of pagan elements with a new figurative meaning, which follows the forms of the imagery introduced by the Christian faith. The comparison between the literary and iconographic traditions, concerning the subject under examination, underlines, in its figurative rendering, some similarities with the iconographic schemes of pagan subjects. This process falls within that mechanism of reuse and new elaboration of former models, which was distinctive of the late antiquity. The activity of the workshop which produced the cage cups, or diatreta, attributed to the hand of the socalled Master of Daniel really must be placed on this horizon. The presence, in Iulia Concordia, of a piece of fine workmanship like the cup of Daniel testifies the lively cultural life, during the 4th century A.D., of a town which had been a crossroads of trade for centuries. Last but not least, the subject of the cup brings back to a Christian horizon which acts as a 'connective tissue' in the history of Concordia.


Alle origini del piedistallo cilindrico decorato nell’architettura veneziana del primo Rinascimento
[pagg. 141-160]
This study deals with a recurrent motif in Venetian architecture of the first Renaissance, employed by the Lombardos' workshop in chapels and funerary monuments of rich Venetian families, and in various facades and buildings of "Scuole Grandi". This is a peculiar type of cylindrical pedestal, decorated by festoons and other elements, inspired by Roman altars produced in X Regio between the Ist century b.C. and the Ist century a.C. This study analyzes the origins of this motif, connecting the interest for cylindrical are with sketches, paintings and miniatures realized by the most important artists working in Venice at that time.


Sulla presenza di pietre e marmi colorati di tradizione romana nell’isola di Cipro: note preliminari
[pagg. 163-173]
The paper reports the preliminary results of the first identification of the coloured marbles and stones used for decoration and architecture in the island of Cyprus during the Roman and Byzantine periods. Three important archaeological sites have been considered: Nea Paphos (west coast), Kourion (south-west coast) and Salamis (north-east coast). According to the general consolidation of the relationships with Constantinople that characterizes the political and artistic orientation of the island during the VI century, as well as to the "building supporting" undertaken by Justinian I in any province of his empire, the data collected show the clear predominance of stone materials coming from Asia Minor (marmor proconnesium, marmor docimium, marmor troadense, marmor phrygium, marmor sagarium, marmor carium, alabastro fiorito and misian marble) followed by the Greek (marmor carystium, marmor scyreticum, marmor taenarium, marmor thessalicum, marmor lesbium, lapis lacedaemonius, breccia di Aleppo) and the Egyptian stones (lapis pirrhopoecilos, lapis porphyrites, greco scritto, alabastro a pecorella and, most likely diorite).

Abitare in città. La Cisalpina tra impero e medioevo. Leben in der stadt. Oberitalien zwischen r÷mischer kaiserzeit und mittelalter

Convegno tenuto a Roma 4-5 Novembre 1999

[pagg. 177-185]

Il teatro e l'anfiteatro di Cividate Camuno. Scavo, restauro e allestimento di un parco archeologico

A cura di V. Mariotti

El teatro y el anfiteatro de Augusta Emerita


Gli edifici per spettacoli nell'Italia Romana


[pagg. 185-194]

L'architettura Romana nelle città della Sardegna


[pagg. 194-195]

Iasos e la Caria. Nuovi studi e ricerche

A cura di R. Pierobon

[pagg. 196-198]

Deliciae fictiles III. Architectural terracottas in ancient Italy: new discovery and interpretations


[pagg. 199-206]

Este II. La necropoli di Villa Benvenuti


[pagg. 206-208]

Ceramiche in archeologia 2. Antiche tecniche di lavorazione e moderni metodi di indagine


[pagg. 208-210]
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Elenco dei libri ricevuti / Books received
[pag. 211]
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[pagg. 213-263]