RIVISTA DI ARCHEOLOGIA
2006 - Vol. XXX
- 214 pagine di testo
- L tavole con 65 illustrazioni nel testo
Blank selection strategies in the Mesolithic of southwestern Ukraine
The Author presents a new variety oj blank selection analysis based on the function of the flint implements according
to the results obtained from the traceological analysis. The study of the assemblages from two Mesolithic sites of
Southern Bessarabia, Myrne and Bilolisja, allows to hypothesize a shift in the model of knapping organisation. The explanation
of this change is to be searched in the mobile economy cf the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers.
The Quarter to the West Court at Phaistos: a Revision of Levi's excavations
The focus of D. Levi's excavations at Phaistos was the Palace and its structures. The town and its extension and disiribution
around the palatial core was neglected. In 1994 a new programme of excavations was begun, at the same time as a
revision of the ceramic material from the Levi excavations, with the aim of understanding the extension and features of
the Phaistos town. Particular attention has been paid to the habitation quarters to the West and South of the West Court
(Piazzale I) of the Phaistos Palace and to the road network from and towards the palatial centre. My work within these
projects has focused on an analysis of the ceramic material that has been retrieved from rooms situated on the middle and
upper terraces of the hillside to the West of the West Court (Piazzale I). This paper will present a brief account of my ongoing
project, and will provide new data about the chronology and the function of these structures.
La collezione egizia del museo provinciale di Torcello
Since 1887, the Province of Venice has included within its museal patrimony the collections kept in the Torcello Museum.
New artefacts have been added to the original inventory during decades. Among these, a good amount of objects clearly
inspired to the Egyptian period.
The article proposes a stylistic analysis, as well as an authenticity one, of the 41 items constituting the museum's Egyptian
These items result being catalogued, but not studied yet and for those items allowing it, a dating time and a geographical
origin is being proposed. The above cited artefacts are divided into two classes: bronze and ceramic objects. Among the
bronze items we can find solely goddesses including 6 Osiris, 1 Amen, 1 Bastet, 1 Harpocrates, 1 Isis, In addition, we can
find an offering character and fragment of Sistrum.
The ceramics are exclusively of ushabti origin with the exception of a stamped terracotta head probably depicting Isis-
Aphrodite. We also tried to detect the objects which were clearly false, or which could have resulted being so.
ERG▄N LAFLI - MAURIZIO BUORA
Fibule antiche dalla Cilicia costiera
The paper presents 19 pre-Roman and 9 Roman fibulae from the region of Cilicia, currently in the collections of the
museums of Mersin, Silifke, Alanya and Tarsus. Half these fibulae dates to the Iron age, from the middle/end of the
8th cent. to the middle/end of 7th cent. B.C. They are evidence for links between Cilicia and its hinterland (Gordion in
particular), and also with Cyprus. For the Roman period, the situation already apparent at Gaziantep is confirmed.
The earliest Roman fibulae are of the Alesia and Aucissa types and the latest (5 examples) come from a period running
from the Tetrarchy to the early 5th cent. A.D. It is possible that their presence reflects the movements of the Roman
Army. A brooch of Keller Type 6 seems to be a parallel for a gold fibula kept in Split Museum.
Vita effimera di un mostro etrusco
The ivory tablets complex from Comeana (Florence) is an extraordinary treasure of Etruscan "orientalizing" images,
whose models are partly to be searched for in the Near East.
The present study tries to point out these possible Oriental models and the transmitting vectors.
Two of the fantastic creatures carved in the ivory plaques, an extravagant image of Geryon and a lion headed demon,
seem to have their prototypes in Neo-Hittite or Assyrian hybrides. One of them, thanks to the diffusion of the related
greek story, is substituted very early in the archaic age by the purely Greek iconography of an armed Geryon; the other,
for which a consolidated tradition of legend was lacking, underwent to some formal variations and finally disappeared.
Eracle in absentia
. Una kylix
attica con il ratto di Deianira dal Foro di Pompei
This article examines an unpublished fragment of an attic black-figure kylix found in Pompei. On this vase there is a
rare example of an interesting mythological scene: the rapt of Deianira, Herakle's wife, by the Centaur Nessos. The
'absentia'i> of Herakles and the attitude of the figures confer an erotic tone to the episode, already in prominence in the
ancient sources, and makes it suitable to tickle the sensual character of the symposium.
Observations about a New Book on Praxiteles
The aim of this article is to give a detailed survey of the catalogue of the exhibition on Praxiteles which has been held
in the Louvre. The suggestions of the authors of the catalogue concerning the life and works of the late-classical, Athenian
sculptor are analyzed. The articles of the catalogue concerning the Cnidian Aphrodite, the Praxitelean Satyrs, the
Apollo Sauroctonus and the fortune of the master in later periods are the focus of a lengthy consideration. The conclusion
of this article is that the two editors of the volume go too far in their thought that most of the creations until now
attributed to Praxiteles are in fact Roman, classicistic works. On the contrary, there is evidence which favours the consideration
of several of these sculptural types as derived from works of the great master.
Una testimonianza del culto mitriaco a Colle Arsiccio di Magione (PG)
In 1934, at Colle Arsiccio (Magione), near lake Trasimeno, a votive deposit was found. It is made up of bronzes and
terracottas, dating from the VI century b.C. to the Constantinian age. The terracottas can be divided into two groups:
the "naked" ones, that represent typologies of the Hellenistic age (swaddling babies, crouching children, kourotrophoi)
and the glazed ones. The latter are products of the Imperial age, connected with a Mithraic worship (pinax with scene
of tauroctony, "foculi", glassware with snakes, votive statues), which incorporates the Hellenistic cult, devoted to Artumes.
The Mithraeum of Colle Arsiccio settles in a thick system of Mithraic places, appeared during Roman age, in
the hearth of central Italy.
Riflessi di romanità in Grecia: le abitazioni e l’arte del giardino
While the Greek house in Classical and Hellenistic times refuses the garden as central element and arranges the domestic
space round a paved court, the Roman house shows from its origin a special link with the green. This different attitude
goes on for centuries, because the richest residences in the western empire often plant luxuriant gardens which,
on the contrary, are very uncommon in the hellenized provinces. This work purposes to point out the 18 private gardens
discovered in Roman Greece (especially at Patras): they express a Roman taste, probably introduced by the colonists,
as comparisons in Italy, Gaul and Hispania prove. The examples discussed represent a prominent exception in the
Greek context, where the garden is a fleeting reflection of Rome which can't take root.
Plant Remains from the Excavation at the Late Roman villae rusticae
of Burgweinting, Bavaria, Germany
The author presents the preliminary analysis on plant remains (charred plant remains and pollen analysis) collected
from two Late Roman wells found at the excavation of Burgweinting, Bavaria (Germany). The study was carried out
in order to reconstruct vegetational cover and agricultural activities at the site. According to the charred remains, the
plant cover surrounding the Roman settlement was characterised by a typical deciduous oak forest, mixed with Pinus
sylvestris/montana. Carpological analysis provides evidence of cultivation of Triticum monococcum and Triticum dicoccum.
Del “prezioso vetro” raffigurante Daniel de lacu leonum
: considerazioni sulla coppa vitrea del Museo Nazionale Concordiese di Portogruaro
The restoration of the vitreous cup with Daniel and the lions, today at the Museo Nazionale Concordiese of Portogruaro,
gave the opportunity to reread its iconography and to consider whether it is possible to point out any reuse of pagan
elements with a new figurative meaning, which follows the forms of the imagery introduced by the Christian faith.
The comparison between the literary and iconographic traditions, concerning the subject under examination, underlines,
in its figurative rendering, some similarities with the iconographic schemes of pagan subjects. This process falls
within that mechanism of reuse and new elaboration of former models, which was distinctive of the late antiquity. The
activity of the workshop which produced the cage cups, or diatreta, attributed to the hand of the socalled Master of
Daniel really must be placed on this horizon. The presence, in Iulia Concordia, of a piece of fine workmanship like the
cup of Daniel testifies the lively cultural life, during the 4th century A.D., of a town which had been a crossroads of
trade for centuries. Last but not least, the subject of the cup brings back to a Christian horizon which acts as a 'connective
tissue' in the history of Concordia.
Alle origini del piedistallo cilindrico decorato nell’architettura veneziana del primo Rinascimento
This study deals with a recurrent motif in Venetian architecture of the first Renaissance, employed by the Lombardos'
workshop in chapels and funerary monuments of rich Venetian families, and in various facades and buildings of
"Scuole Grandi". This is a peculiar type of cylindrical pedestal, decorated by festoons and other elements, inspired by
Roman altars produced in X Regio between the Ist century b.C. and the Ist century a.C. This study analyzes the origins
of this motif, connecting the interest for cylindrical are with sketches, paintings and miniatures realized by the
most important artists working in Venice at that time.
TECNOLOGIA NELL'ANTICHITA' N. 25
Sulla presenza di pietre e marmi colorati di tradizione romana nell’isola di Cipro: note preliminari
The paper reports the preliminary results of the first identification of the coloured marbles and stones used for decoration
and architecture in the island of Cyprus during the Roman and Byzantine periods. Three important archaeological
sites have been considered: Nea Paphos (west coast), Kourion (south-west coast) and Salamis (north-east coast).
According to the general consolidation of the relationships with Constantinople that characterizes the political and
artistic orientation of the island during the VI century, as well as to the "building supporting" undertaken by Justinian
I in any province of his empire, the data collected show the clear predominance of stone materials coming from Asia
Minor (marmor proconnesium, marmor docimium, marmor troadense, marmor phrygium, marmor sagarium,
marmor carium, alabastro fiorito and misian marble) followed by the Greek (marmor carystium, marmor
scyreticum, marmor taenarium, marmor thessalicum, marmor lesbium, lapis lacedaemonius, breccia di
Aleppo) and the Egyptian stones (lapis pirrhopoecilos, lapis porphyrites, greco scritto, alabastro a pecorella
and, most likely diorite).
RECENSIONI E SEGNALAZIONI BIBLIOGRAFICHE
Abitare in città. La Cisalpina tra impero e medioevo. Leben in der stadt. Oberitalien zwischen r÷mischer kaiserzeit und mittelalter
Convegno tenuto a Roma 4-5 Novembre 1999
Il teatro e l'anfiteatro di Cividate Camuno. Scavo, restauro e allestimento di un parco archeologico
A cura di V. Mariotti
El teatro y el anfiteatro de Augusta Emerita
R. M. DUR┴N CABELLO
Gli edifici per spettacoli nell'Italia Romana
L'architettura Romana nelle città della Sardegna
A. R. GHIOTTO
Iasos e la Caria. Nuovi studi e ricerche
A cura di R. Pierobon
Deliciae fictiles III. Architectural terracottas in ancient Italy: new discovery and interpretations
I. EDLUND-BERRY, G. GRECO, J. KENFIELD
Este II. La necropoli di Villa Benvenuti
L. CAPUIS, A. M. CHIECO BIANCHI
Ceramiche in archeologia 2. Antiche tecniche di lavorazione e moderni metodi di indagine
NININA CUOMO DI CAPRIO
Elenco dei libri ricevuti / Books received