Bretschneider Online Periodici
Rivista di Archeologia - Bretschneider Periodici Online
ISSN 0392-0895


2011 - Vol. XXXV

- Pubblicato nel 2013
- 212 pagine di testo, numerore illustrazioni
- XLIX tavole B/N

Disponibile e-book



Un funerale chiusino. A proposito di un cippo inedito da Chiusi
[pagg. 5-11]
The knowledge of occurrences in classical literary tradition and epigraphical sources are considered the privileged way to completely understand the meaning of ancient representations and to accomplish the transition from iconographical level to the iconological one. The aim of this paper is to propose an original reading of two famous monuments that are exhibited in the museums of Copenhagen (Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek) and Barracco in Rome, thanks to the study of an unpublished fragment of a funerary cippus, probably from Sarteano. The new data will try to provide a starting point in order to reenact the organisation of the Etruscan funeral in Chiusi during the Porsenna period.


La topografia sulle bottiglie di Baia
[pagg. 13-39]
This paper reviews the glass Flasks with Baia, founded at Rome (now in Warsaw), Populonia, Ampurias and a fragment from Astorga, Spain. The identification proposed by Kolendo of the two big domed buildings with fish-farms plans represented in bird’s eye view is refused.
In fact, the vertical rotation of a structure that in the reality had an horizontal development is – to say the least – unusual: the fish-farms emerged just a little bit from the sea-level and it was impossible to recognize the exact overall shape. Furthermore, the notice palatium on Rome flask would be not supplied with a representation. Instead, the palatium is present in a coherent manner with the reality. It spread to all the Baia Gulf, in a similar way with Domus Aurea in Rome.
On Rome flask there is an allegoric female figure: she is lying and she has a cup in her left hand. Her iconography comes from a figured group with three elements, generally concerningin sea scenes, widespread from the second half of third till the fifth century on carved glasses, sarcophagi and mosaics. A good comparison with Baia flask is in on a mosaic from the baths of Sidi Ghrib (Tunisia). It represents a standing male figure pouring wine in a patera offered by a female figure lying on a kline, just as on the Rome flask. The male figure is identified with the name Gaurus, the mount overviewing Baia near to Puteoli; the mosaic has been connected with the verses of a letter of Symmachus (owner of a villa on Gaurus mount), dated to 375 A.D., concerning the Puteoli gulf with mythological connections to Bacchus, to the Nereids Thetis et Baiae sorores. The production of the flasks belongs to the fourth century and it seems interrupted with the increase of bradyseism and of barbarian ravages.


The statue from Ampurias/Emporion, reconsidered
[pagg. 41-44]
This article does not deal with the identification of the statue from Ampurias/Emporion, as this subject has already been widely discussed by various scholars, who suggested to identify it either as Asclepios or Sarapis/ Serapis, or Agathos Daimon/Serapis. As a matter of fact, the aim of this article is to re-examine the question of whether the two parts of the statue from Ampurias/Emporion, composed of two different marbles (Pentelic and Parian), belong to one sculptural work or to two different statues and dates. The comparative study presented hereby permits to suggest that these are two separate sculptural parts. The lower, draped part can be dated to the late fourth-third century BCE, whereas the upper, nude part and head can be attributed to the second century CE.


Nuove considerazioni su alcuni sarcofagi del Museo archeologico dell’Hatay, Antakya
[pagg. 45-57]
Forty years after the publication of Nikolaus Himmelmann (1970) twelve of the thirty sarcophagi of the Archaeological Museum in Antakya are reviewed here. We offer brief descriptive records of the sarcophagi and a photographic documentation in many cases original. The typological and stylistic variety demonstrates the wide range of origins of these monuments: their high quality emphasizes the high economic standards of Antioch in imperial times.


Rileggere un vecchio scavo. San Lorenzo di Ammiana nella laguna nord di Venezia
[pagg. 59-89]
Old Excavations in Venice Northern Lagoon: Reading Again S. Lorenzo di Ammiana
This article aims a new reading of a twenty-years archeological excavation in San Lorenzo di Ammiana, a small island in Venice Northern Lagoon. After a critical summary of scientific articles, precedent researches have been analysed and compared with new data. The purpose is to reconstruct the history of the island, separating archaeological data and informations from medieval chronicles.
A Minoan Seminar. The Mes ara Tholos-Tombs from the Protopalatial Phase trought the
Mycenean Period: New foundations and re-use of the past


[pagg. 93-96]


Changes and evolution in funerary and non-funerary rituals during the Protopalatial period in the Mesara plain (Crete). The evidence from Kamilari and from the other tholos tombs
[pagg. 97-110]
The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to present the funerary rituals attested in the Kamilari cemetery during the Protopalatial period; second, to review the funerary data of those tholos tombs of the Mesara plain which were founded or re-used in MM IB - MM IIB. Indeed, the investigation I carried out during the last years on the MM IB - MM IIB ceramic material retrieved from Kamilari, has provided crucial support to understand the chronology of the ceramic material coming from those Mesara tholos tombs, which have revealed MM ceramic. This paper points at a deeper understanding of the funerary contexts of the Mesara plain in the Protopalatial period, focusing first on the chronology of the tholos tombs in use in this period, and then on their functions.


Reassessing the Apesokari tholos A funerary record: preliminary thoughts
[pagg. 111-121]
This paper presents the preliminary results of the ongoing systematic study of Tholos Tomb A at Apesokari, which was excavated in 1942 by A. Schörgendorfer. The main focus will be on the new data emerging from the restoration and study of the burial assemblage and on aspects of mortuary behaviour, as materialized by the latter and by the architectural features of the tomb. The following issues will be explored: a) Dating the construction of the annex rooms; b) Evidence on the dating of the paved area; c) Establishing the duration of use of the tomb; d) Patterns of the use of space and aspects of mortuary practices that can be deduced by the burial assemblage.


Mortuary practices, social variability and ritual diversity: the case of the Kamilari cemetery
during the Middle and Late Bronze Age
[pagg. 123-136]
The paper illustrates the project publication of the Kamilari cemetery located near the palatial centre of Phaistos (southern Crete).


The re-use of tholos B at the Aya Triadha cemetery
[pagg. 137-145]
The aim of this paper is the interpretation of the phenomenon of re-use of tholos B, by the re-examination of information given by Roberto Paribeni and the comparison with similar cases all over the Mesara plain. Tholos B was constructed in the protopalatial period and was used until MM II. After a long chronological gap, it was emptied and then re-used. Last corpses were buried inside larnakes and didn’t rest simply on the floor of the tomb as in the MM period: this indicates not only a radical change of funerary customs, but also the increasing importance of the individuality of each occupant and the evolution of social organization of Late Minoan communities. Despite the scarcity of human bones, of larnakes and of grave goods, maybe the re-use wasn’t occasional: due to the collapse of the north-east side of the tomb, probably part of the burials have been lost. Anyway, quite certainly, the tomb didn’t contain the whole community (or a large part of it) any more, but members of a restricted social group. From an ideological point of view, the tholos probably constituted during the LM period a tangible symbol of the past, so its re-use is an evident sign of political and social continuity. The link with ancestors was symbolized by the re-introduction of some of the previous grave goods.


Arnie, miele e api nella Grecia antica
[pagg. 149-165]
This paper aims to review and discuss a particular class of materials in coarse ware attested in several sites in mainland Greece and the Aegean, along chronological overview that goes from the Minoan to the Byzantine period: the terracotta beehives. Although the main indicators of the production of honey and wax, there are many difficulties in recognizing archaeological traces of this type of ceramics, so that only the GC-MS analysis are able to confirm the function. Having now a sufficiently large amount of evidence, it is possible to propose a framework for reconstruction, taking into account not only the archaeological evidence, but also different types of sources available, such as written and iconographic.
Recognized for the first time in 1955, in Rachi near Isthmia, and shortly after in 1959, in the Justinian’s Fortress at the Isthmus of Corinth, the available data have allowed to identify at least two different models of terracotta beehives, one vertical, the only one which it is possible maybe to attribute a precise denomination, and the other one horizontal. Further data suggest that beehives constituted a specialized manufacture in a few areas and islands of Greece, highlighting as the beekeeping was, above all during the Classical and Hellenistic period, an activity based on local and regional production.


Imitazioni versus importazioni: sigillate di prima e media età imperiale dall’insula 104 a Hierapolis di Frigia
[pagg. 167-183]
This paper illustrates results of a long term pottery study on regional production of finewares at Hierapolis, a well known site of ancient Phrygia. A combined typo-chronological and archaeometric approach has revealed a significant presence and circulation of regional finewares at the site from the late Hellenistic/early Roman period until Late Antiquity. The paper focuses on the early production of finewares, discussing their typology, chronology and possible provenance in the more general context of regional production of tableware in Roman (and late Antique) Asia Minor.


L’eredità romana nelle fornaci per la produzione di ceramica in Grecia
[pagg. 185-191]
This paper presents the structural characteristics of the Early Christian and Byzantine ceramic-production kilns that have been excavated in Greece, summarizes the typology and the technological evolution of the kilns from the 4th to the 15th century and traces the elements of the roman tradition that have been transmitted in the medieval kilns of Greece.

Zeus Meilichios a Selinunte

CRISTOFORO GROTTA (Stefania de Vido)

[pagg. 195-198]

I culti dell'Esquilino

ELISA MARRONI (Alessandra Valentini)

[pagg. 198-202]

Roman Temples, Shrines and Temene in Israel


[pagg. 202-205]

L'abitato, la necropoli, il monastero. Evoluzione di un comparto del suburbio milanese alla luce degli scavi nei cortili dell'Università Cattolica

a cura di Silvia Lusuardi Siena, Maria Pia Rossignani, Marco Sannazaro (Annapaola Zaccaria Ruggiu)

[pagg. 205-212]

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